This is going to be a post about different Bible translations and how they compare, one to another. An abundance of literature exists pitting differently persuaded people versus their opponents; King James only vs. modern translations and vice versa. My objective in this article is not to alienate my readers and be divisive, but to show the facts about how key verses are translated in different Bibles, and let the people decide what version they should use.
I start with an introduction detailing the specifics concerning the origin of different Bibles. I use and recommend the King James version, first published in 1611, and last revised in 1769. This Bible was translated from Greek manuscripts that would later be named the Textus Receptus, also called the received text. This KJ Bible and the Geneva Bible are the only two Bibles in print today that use the Textus Receptus Greek for translating purposes. I do not want to “lose” you this early by belaboring the facts about the importance of which Greek manuscripts are used for translation, BUT these differences must be understood by you to get what is really at stake here. The old saying, “you cannot make chicken salad out of chicken poop” applies in this argument. What “God has said”, the very words of God that every true Christian should order their life to, cannot be understated or downplayed in this matter. The old adage that says “ignorance is bliss” only applies to those Christians who do not try to teach Scripture to others, those who are “babes in Christ”. “For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil”. Hebrews 5:12-14. That is an amazing statement of rebuke to the scattered Hebrew Christians of the dispersion and to us. Paul did not “mamby-pamby” his readers with ear-tickling, milky epistles. He challenged, exhorted, and rebuked them because he knew that false teachers would try to undo what he was building, the CHURCH. And the false teachers, false prophets, false evangelists, and false pastors have surely led the sheep to broken cisterns to drink polluted waters of heresy, especially in our current times, where today’s believers get a steady diet of faddish sermons, books, blogs, etc., etc. You get the message!
When people take on the mantle of Bible teacher they automatically incur the responsibility of “rightly dividing the word of God”. It would be disingenuous of me to say that I am NOT trying to influence you. I am convinced of what I say, and am telling you the truth and showing you the evidence to back up my claims. Before I get into the side by side comparisons of key verses in our Bibles I want to relate to you a personal example of myself coming up against a case of “Bible bias”. Barb and I are attending a church in our town that is affiliated with a good size denomination. We are trying to fit in there and find common ground with these people. I know there are some influences from the parent denomination that we disagree with, but I believe Barb and I can focus on a half-full glass of living water versus a half-empty one. At least, we hope so.
So, we are going to a class before church service that I will call Sunday school; Bible study and teaching is the best description of what is occurring during this time. This particular Bible study is well attended and the book they are studying is 2 Peter. The teacher is an assistant pastor at this assembly and he is absolutely “intense” in his approach to teaching Scripture. In class a few weeks ago, he was reading 2 Peter 2:3 from his Bible (NASB) as follows, “Many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of the truth will be maligned;” This class had seemed to be of an open, sharing as the Lord leads, type of atmosphere until I mentioned that verse 2 reads “pernicious ways” instead of sensuality in my translation (KJV). Well, the teacher took his shot by telling the class that “THE GREEK” says “sensuality”. Period! Well, I didn’t say anything but filed this comment away. I came home that day and looked up that verse on the Blue Letter Bible website. Unknown to me, there are 2 differing Greek words used in the Textus Receptus (KJV) and the Morphological Greek New Testament (NASB). These different words are aselgeia (NASB) and apoleia (KJV). I did not know this fact earlier that morning in the Bible class at the church assembly. I was not making a statement about which Greek word was “right” in this case, but only pointing out what the King James said that is quite different, pernicious(evil) ways vs. sensuality. But the teacher knew this verse had differing Greek words, and chose to take a stand that his Bible was right and mine was wrong. Therein lies the rub, folks. We are trying to fit in and “do church” with these people and the prejudice against the King James translation (thereby the TR) is palpable there. (Read to the end of part one to see how this turned out!). I think I have made “progress” in my walk with The Lord in the past few months! Hallejuhah!
So, I write and complain on this blog!! This is a personal experience that I hope my readers can relate to. I write about things I see in the “church world” that I believe are confusing and hurting the “body of Christ” in these last days in which we live. I hope and pray that my insights and experiences will make you take a closer look at what is happening in your spiritual and practical world and to make adjustments, accordingly. That is the only reason that I am compelled to write this blog. People like me are “constrained”(driven) to discern and understand the apostasy that is undermining and destroying the “church”. I use my spiritual gifts to warn, to rebuke, to exhort, to help folks evaluate and flee from what I see as “spiritual ruin”. I know that people, in general, and church people, in particular, want to believe that the age-old idioms like “ignorance is bliss”, “what I don’t know won’t hurt me”, “kumbaya”, and “judge not” are okay with God, but I have sincere reservations about these being good “excuses” at the judgments! I say judgments(plural) because, in my opinion, it still remains in doubt whether anyone of us will finish this race of life as a victor. Maybe not! It not over ’til it’s over, folks!! We must “keep the faith”. Jesus will never leave or forsake us; that is a true fact, BUT we can and do stop believing in Him and His Word when we get rich, lazy, blind, and naked (like Laodicea). Going along to get along is not on my radar screen of prudent behavior for a true Christian. Lukewarm people make Jesus want to vomit. Has anything you ever heard or experienced made you literally “stomach sick”? I really believe that is how our Lord feels about most of our assemblies, today. And, irrespective of what Calvinists and others who believe in the doctrine of “eternal security” think, the Word says “we” must stay obedient and faithful until the very end. That ‘Holy Grail” (OSAS) leaks like a sieve!!
I guess that last rant was a rabbit trail from the subject of this essay. Sorry! Okay, back to the subject of how different Bibles translate key verses. I am now going to place some verses side by side and let you see the difference. In most of these cases, Bibles other than the King James Bible just leave out key phrases and words, but in some others, the whole meaning of Scripture is changed by the translating process. That process is called textual criticism and, in my opinion, that is what we (us humans) are not ever supposed to attempt. God great asset of unchangeability (being immutable) is in play here, and immeasurably so. You must throw reason and logic (common sense) out the window, if you say this is not accurate. That is the bottom line of sensibility!
Here is a bible verse that states the obvious, “Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.” 2 Peter 1:20. If Scripture is true and reliable, and I absolutely believe it is, then the following statement is fact, “God said it, that settles it”. Man’s opinion (textual criticism) is unreliable and wrong-headed, period! That is why the Word says, “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: that the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.” 2 Timothy 3:16,17. Scripture also tells us, “Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears, and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. 2 Timothy 4:2-4. Friends, I believe we arrived at the point in history that is described in verse 3 starting in 1885 when the English Revised Version of the Bible was printed. From that time on all Bibles that have been “invented” have used the “critical text” for their “textual” bases (starting points).
Let me reword the above verses (2 Tim. 4:2-4) for you. ” Preach the Word: be ready, at all times, to reprove (expose the error, prove again), rebuke (caution and chastise concerning error or false doctrine, literally- to stop behavior by forceful, authoritative speech), exhort (strongly teach the meaning of Scripture) with extreme patience, showing reasonable proof from Scripture (corresponding verses and passages, in context always). For there will come a point in history when the hearers (congregants) will oppose listening to and obeying what Scripture really means, and will seek and find people to teach them who will tell them that it is okay to do as they please, and the people will not tolerate the truth of Scripture and will follow most anything but the truth, “inventions” (made- up stories) of fallen, religious men! That was a mouthful, right?
What I did was just now is called “exposing the Scripture”; unpacking the Word of God so that your human mind can realize the importance and true meaning of God’s Word. The Word is sort of like a suitcase filled with important and quality(priceless) items to be used for your eternal care and benefit. But if they are never taken out and used, they remain non-productive to you. Hence, I unpack the Word for you. In my opinion, expository teaching is the best (right) way to convey what God means in His Word(s). Language, both spoken and written, is a vehicle used to communicate understanding and meaning to our mind (brains). I do not speak any foreign tongues, so, unless God calls me out of the USA, I do not need to learn Spanish, French, etc.. Teaching God’s Word to English-understanding people is one of my spiritual gifts and I believe it is my job to show you the meaning of Scripture. Whether you believe or not is your choice. After I write or speak what God gives me to say to you, my job is finished and I have little control of where it goes and the effect my teaching has. I do not advertise. I do not use social media. I don’t promote my efforts very much. I know this kind of teaching has a limited audience. Still. I am compelled to write, to warn people of impending disaster ahead unless they take responsibility of their spiritual status and future. The apostasy is REAL, my reader friends, and I am charged with the task of telling you the TRUTH.
I am now going to list the text of some Bible verses, first from the King James Bible and following with the same verse from Bibles that use a different starting point, a different set of Greek manuscripts. For the purpose of space and time saving, I am going to use the NASB for comparison to the King James version. The New American Standard Bible was first published in !971. The NAS New Testament came out in !963. This Bible has been in circulation for 56 years, so it is not the “new kid on the block”, at all. The first verse we will compare is Colossians 1:14 and it reads in the KJB, ” In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. In the NASB and all other Bibles translated from the critical (read, by BIBLE SCHOLARS) text, “through His blood” is omitted. The NASB, ” in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins”. Do you understand the importance of this verse to our understanding of the gospel of Christ; to Jesus Christ’s sacrifice for all humans on the cross? Jesus’s blood-shedding is central to our salvation, friends! His saviorhood, and the office of His royal priesthood to believers, came into effect at the bloody cross of Calvary. Hebrews 9: 22-28 states, ” And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” That is the passage of verses that tell us, with the utmost clarity in the New Testament, why the sacrifice of Jesus Christ was needed and what our Savior did for us. Without the shedding of Jesus’s blood on that cruel cross there is NO forgiveness (remission) of OUR sin. It was our sin that made the cross of Christ necessary. Period!! Folks, it is still His precious blood that we appropriate every day (hopefully) 1 John 1:9,10 ; to re-wash us from the filth of sin that so EASILY besets us (Hebrews 12:1,2). So, I hope I have cemented in your mind the HUGE importance of the blood of Jesus in your life! Satan and his demons despise and flee from the blood of Christ claimed by an obedient believer in Jesus! And, maybe that is why “through His blood” is left out of these newer translations taken from the “minority, critical text”. Our enemy, the deceiver of weak, milk-feed Christians, is not slack on his job and is always ready to cast doubt on God’s Word! I remind you that it is logically “impossible” to have the same verse from two different Bibles say opposite things to our minds, and for both to be right. Calvinists and other heresy advocates plead “antinomy” in this case, and in many others where plain common sense should prevail. Antinomy is a construct of humanistic philosophy that has been inserted into Biblical discussions. I have a good Biblical synonym for antinomy. It is HOGWASH (2 Peter 2:22)! Yes, it is true that bad things (sufferings), do happen to obedient Christians. We are not promised a “cushy” life because we choose to believe in and follow Jesus all the days of our lives, but He did leave us an infallible road map for our lives; HIS WORD. If we let that be our guide on earth, we will make it home to heaven one glorious day. “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.” (Isaiah 40.8). Psalms 12:6,7 state, “The words of the Lord are pure words, as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times, (note: 7 is the number of completion) Thou (Jehovah God) shalt keep them, O Lord, thou shalt preserve them from this generation, (and) for ever.” (emphasis mine). John 8:31-32 states, ” Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed. And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”
The next glaring difference that I want to address is the fact that all modern Bibles (starting with the English Revised Version of 1885) footnote or italicize Mark 16:9-20, stating that verses 9 through 20 are not found in the earliest manuscripts. This is because Vaticanus B and Sinaiticus A are the manuscripts used for the translating of the *New Testament in the Original Greek* (Wescott/Hort) . Nearly all Bibles printed since that particular New Testament in the Greek was first published in 1881 use the W/H testament. This is the starting point of textual criticism, so called. You can now jump up and down and yell and scream all you want to, but, at the end of the day, you still have to admit to the historical fact that what I just sad is TRUE. Westcott and Hort used Vaticanus B and Sinaiticus A as their texts. Period. That is a fact. All translations since the ERV (English Revised Version) have used those 4th century uncials (a certain type of Greek writing text used from the 4th to the 8th centuries) for their Greek text. Even the New King James version casts doubt on Mark 16:9-20. Are these verses Scripture or not? Why is doubt cast on these 11 verses? I can only guess or hypothesize why 4th century scribes would leave out this version of the Great Commission by our Lord, Jesus Christ. One such guess is that this deletion (of the specifics of this version of the Great Commission by Mark) is related to the doctrinal argument of cessation of the sign gifts of the Spirit; whether these particular gifts stopped with the deaths of the original apostles. That argument has been around since the days of the early church, and is still a point of contention in today’s church climate. Another possible reason it is deleted is that those verses did not “line up” with Roman Catholic doctrine of the priesthood and popery that this religion espouses. Obviously, no priests could pick up poisonous snakes or heal the sick by the laying on of hands. Priests were no match for demons either, I believe. So, we introduce a couple of manuscripts that omit verses 9-20 altogether. In my opinion, these prophetic verses were fulfilled and attested to by Luke in the book of Acts. I believe that these sign gifts are still possible today (if truly needed to evangelize in remote areas of the world). There is also no doubt in my mind that these signs are faked and overemphasized by hyper- charismatic charlatans the world over.
I suppose the next verses I should deal with are in Isaiah chapter 14. I want to talk about verse 12 of that chapter and then makes some comments about the entire passage. To say there are some differences of opinion about Isaiah 14 is vast understatement. First of all, why is this chapter important to understanding Scripture? The reason I am commenting on this particular passage is this; I believe the integrity of the Bible is compromised when translators (or any teacher, for the matter) confound the meaning of God’s Word by ascribing confusing messages to our human brains. By this I mean, calling this character (king of Babylon, Satan) the morning (day) star. It is a well-documented fact that only Jesus is the Day Star, the bright and morning star, “We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the Day Star arises in your hearts:( 2 Peter 1:19), I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.(Revelation 22:16), And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: And he (I) shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father. And I will give him the morning star (myself). (Revelation 2:26-28). Do you see where I am going with this line of thought? Is God’s Word meant to be contradictory and unclear? Sarcasm warning!! Maybe we just need a seminarian or theologian to sort it out for us? (Nicolaitanism) In my opinion, this behavior (clergy dominating the laity) is the antithesis of what the Bible teaches about servant leadership and what the apostles meant when they laid out the doctrine of the the “priesthood of the believer”. As I have said publicly many times, I do not believe that God is going to accept the excuse of, ” I just followed the precepts of my denomination”. “My preacher told me “I will be okay” in my laziness and sin”! God says over, and over, and OVER in His Word, BE NOT DECEIVED! I think there are grave consequences to slothfulness, and for NOT studying and obeying the Bible. I do not want to gamble my eternal life on a false teachers “antinomian” heresies! I think it is good and Christian policy to believe these following verses, “But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.For every man (person) shall bear his own burden. (Galatians 6:4-5)
Okay, I know that was another little venture “off-topic”, friends. What I have a problem with about Isaiah 14 is this. What happens when a title that Jesus claims for himself is used to describe Satan, the enemy of Jesus and the Church? By calling the devil of hell the morning star (the ESV uses Day Star in capital letters) we confound the true glory and brightness of Jesus Christ with the very essence of who Satan is, and why he was cast out of the presence of God. He said, ” I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. (verse 14). By calling the devil by the title “morning star, day star” we give credence to Satan’s boast to “be like the Most High”. The Hebrew word used in verse 12 is “heylel” (Strong’s 1966) and this is the only place it s used in the Bible. Heylel is a derived from Strong’s 1984 “halal (helel) which is used in the Bible 165 times and is never translated as anything even remotely close to “morning star, day star”.
Lexicon :: Strong’s H1984 – halal
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
KJV Translation Count — Total: 165x
The KJV translates Strong’s H1984 in the following manner: praise
Outline of Biblical Usage [?]
- (Qal) to shine (fig. of God’s favour)
- (Hiphil) to flash forth light
- to praise, boast, be boastful
- to be boastful
- boastful ones, boasters (participle)
- to praise
- to boast, make a boast
- to be praised, be made praiseworthy, be commended, be worthy of praise
- (Hithpael) to boast, glory, make one’s boast
- (Poel) to make a fool of, make into a fool
- (Hithpoel) to act madly, act like a madman
הָלַל hâlal, haw-lal’; a primitive root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence, to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively, to celebrate; also to stultify:—(make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool(-ish, -ly), glory, give (light), be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, (sing, be worthy of) praise, rage, renowned, shine.
Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon [?]
Click Here for the Rest of the Entry
Word / Phrase / Strong’s Search
Concordance Results Using KJV
Strong’s Number H1984 matches the Hebrew הָלַל (halal),
which occurs 165 times in 140 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the KJV
Page 1 / 3 (Gen 12:15–Psa 69:30)
The essence of halal is “praise” which is used many times as referring to “praise and adoration to God”, but halal is also used negatively to mean boastful, (i.e. full of self). Maybe, the translators (using textual criticism) construed this from the use of halal as meaning “shine the light” as it is used in 4 verses, Biblically. Well, folks! Who is shining the light on you, Jesus or Satan? Satan wants you to associate himself with Jesus, the bright and morning star (Day Star). Paul says ” And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works. (2 Cor. 11:14-15). Satan’s tactic from ages past until the present time is to present himself as God. “I will be like the Most High”. “And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.” I WILL USURP GOD!!
Friends, can you see a pattern of diabolical high jinks materializing? A “smoke and mirrors” agenda from Satan into our minds. The devil is “all about” creating confusion and doubt about what “God has said”. One other thing I want to point out about Isaiah 14:12 is this; the King James version translates the verse as follows, ” How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!” I want to emphasize here the disingenuous and hypocritical nature of those who will use Lucifer (as the devil of hell) in their sermons, and then use a Bible that calls him (Satan) the “morning star/ day star”, instead of Lucifer. Do you see the hypocrisy of this behavior? Let us look to Malachi chapter 4 for elaboration on this matter. “1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. 2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. 3 And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts. 4 Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, [with] the statutes and judgments. 5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: 6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.” [Mal 4:1-6 KJV] To me those verses are prophetical, they speak of God’s wrath on an evil world. They come at the end of the “great tribulation” and speak to us about what God says the remnant of the Jews will encounter after the “final battle”. Ezekiel chapter 39 gives the details about these people who walk the “valley of death”, and bury the bones of God’s enemies, for seven months running. These bones will be “leftovers” of God’s mighty wrath. Most say this valley of Hamon Gog is southeast of Jerusalem, Israel; it is in what is now called the “Palestinian territory”. God says this will be a vast “burial ground”. Imagine that scenario, replacement theology buffs!
Back to Malachi 4 and the reason that I inserted it in this commentary. That reason is this; because of the “immense” differences in Bible translations. That is the whole intent of this study, although I, admittedly so, take many “rabbit trails” in getting to my destination. As stated above, my belief is that this chapter is “end-times” prophetical. I have inserted the wording of the chapter in the KJV already above, so here is the text of the NIV Bible for you to consider. “1 “Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire,” says the LORD Almighty. “Not a root or a branch will be left to them. 2 But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its rays. And you will go out and frolic like well-fed calves. 3 Then you will trample on the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I act,” says the LORD Almighty. 4 “Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel. 5 “See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. 6 He will turn the hearts of the parents to their children, and the hearts of the children to their parents; or else I will come and strike the land with total destruction.”” [Mal 4:1-6 NIV]. Do you notice the difference from the KJV, (also the NKJV and NLT) friends? Look to verse 2 and notice that it says this, “the sun (little s) of righteousness will rise with healing in its (gender-neuter) wings.” All modern translations (from the 1885 mGNT) have this translated with a small (s) sun and “its” instead of capital (S) and “He” in verse 2. “Textual criticism” at its best (?). What do you think, believer friends?
I repeat again, these verse are “last days” prophetical and are referring to Jesus Christ’s re-creation of the earth at the start of the millennium. He “arises” and heals the earth from its “wasted” state, and brings the final “healing” to His chosen people (and human lineage), the Jews. I truly believe that the book of Malachi is the arguably the most misrepresented (falsely taught) book in the Old Testament. And this book (with the error implanted in chapter 4) comes as the last prophetical utterance before the New Testament. I smell a “rotten skunk” in the mGNT versions, my Christian readers!!!
One last point about Malachi chapter 4, and then I will move on to other verses. This chapter is about Jesus Christ and His end time purposes. Commentators have supposed that these verses are about John the Baptist and his ministry. I can see how that can happen, with the neuter translation from the mGNT. If the verses are not talking about the deity of Christ himself, THEN that would be logical exegesis of the text. Others may say that this reference is a “triple” type of the Biblical Elijah ( Elijah of the O.T., John the Baptist, and Jesus), possibly. I am sticking to my belief that these verses are about my Lord, Jesus Christ. Period!! What has transpired concerning Malachi 4 is diabolical, not just heretical!!!
That last statement is made with trepidation, my friends, because people get “invested in” their favorite Bibles, and get offended and defensive when confronted with evidence that harms their egos. I am not “intentionally” trying just to “wet on folks cornflakes”. I am offended by the Bible publishers and translators who try to undermine and delete the essence of Jesus Christ’s deity in the Scriptures. What am I doing here on this blog, in this long article, at this time? I am am defending the “faith”, and being an “apologist” for the deity of the Lord. Bottom line! When Christ’s majesty and mission are downplayed and put in the “trash bin”, of historical Christianity, I pray that I will always stand up and be counted for His sake!
Let us move on to another verse. I want you to look at and ponder Luke 2:14, as I show you some of the VERY wrong-headed translations of this verse in various Bibles. First, I will show you what the King James Bible says, “”14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.” [Luke 2:14 KJV]. Let me amplify this verse, in my own words. ” Unending majesty, praise, and glorious adulation to Jehovah God in Heaven who is without equal and is to be praised above all others, and on planet Earth has offered His creation (anyone) peace through His son Jesus Christ; this is His (good) will toward people.(Ken’s amplified translation)
Let me show you how most modern Bibles translate this wonderful verse that announces the intent of Jesus the Savior’s birth to these shepherds.
Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
“Glory to God in the highest,
And on earth peace, goodwill toward men!”
“Glory to God in highest heaven,
and peace on earth to those with whom God is pleased.”
“Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.”
“Glory to God in the highest,
and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!”
Glory to God in the highest heaven,
and peace on earth to people he favors![fn][fn]
¡Gloria a Dios en las alturas, Y en la tierra paz, buena voluntad para con los hombres!
“Glory to God in the highest,
And on earth peace among men
[fn]with whom He is pleased.”
“Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among people with whom he is pleased!”
“Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men with whom he is pleased!”
Glory to God in the highest,
And on earth peace among men in whom he is well pleased.
‘Glory in the highest to God, and upon earth peace, among men — good will.’
Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good pleasure in men.
Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men.
“Glory to God in the highest, On eretz shalom, good will toward men.”
Δόξα ἐν ὑψίστοις θεῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκία
gloria in altissimis Deo et in terra pax in hominibus bonae voluntatis
δόξα ἐν ὑψίστοις θεῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκίας
Textus Receptus- Δόξα ἐν ὑψίστοις θεῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκία
As you can easily see from the Blue Letter Bibles’s listing of the texts from various Bibles, there is a great divide concerning the meaning of this verse. How can it be, that there is such a difference? Well, here is why. Can you see above that the Textus Receptus has the Greek word “eudokia” after the word “anthropos”, but the mGNT has eidokias. I will not go into the grammatical differences, but I will show you the person who is most likely responsible for this aberration of God’s Word. It was a “Greek” theologian and ascetic named Origen. Here is Wikipedia info about him.
Origen (; Greek: Ὠριγένης, Ōrigénēs), or Origen Adamantius (Ὠριγένης Ἀδαμάντιος, Ōrigénēs Adamántios; 184/185 – 253/254), was a Greek scholar, ascetic, and early Christian theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria. He was a prolific writer in multiple branches of theology, including textual criticism, biblical exegesis and hermeneutics, philosophical theology, preaching, and spirituality written in Greek. He was anathematised at the Second Council of Constantinople. He was one of the most influential figures in early Christian asceticism.
Unlike many church fathers, he was never canonised as a saint because some groups believed that some of his teachings contradicted those attributed to the apostles, notably the Apostles Paul and John. His teachings on the pre-existence of souls, the final reconciliation of all creatures, including perhaps even the devil (the apokatastasis), and his possiblebelief that God the Son was subordinate to God the Father, were rejected by Christian orthodoxy. (end Wikipedia)
So by that resume, I believe you should be able to surmise why the “s” was added “eudokia” in the text of the mGNT. You can believe what you want, to your own peril, about this verse and many others, but true Scripture DOES NOT bear out that God was announcing a son who would save all men (universalism) or the Calvinist notion that He would just save the men (people) with whom He is well pleased (the elect). Friends, either one of those options is un-Biblical and heretical to the MAX degree. If you want to be a Caspar Milquetoast with Scripture, well go ahead I guess, but that kind of timidness and unfaithfulness to the truth of the Bible is a recipe for “soul disaster” and apostasy, I say!!
One more thing I want to point out before I move on. That being this Biblical truth; that God is not pleased with “lost” sinners! He understands our frailties as “saved” sinners and forgives us when we ask and repent. But God is not pleased with any man, apart from the intercession of Jesus for the true believer, and people are under the condemnation of judgment unless they come to Christ, believing in Him! Period!! There are no good people. We are all sinners. This verse, as translated in modern Bibles, just shows how far men of depraved minds will go to smokescreen the Truth about Jesus and the gospel of salvation.
“1 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2 Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. 3 What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? 4 May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, “THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED.” 5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.) 6 May it never be! For otherwise, how will God judge the world? 7 But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? 8 And why not say (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), “Let us do evil that good may come”? Their condemnation is just. 9 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; 10 as it is written, “THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; 11 THERE IS NONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKS FOR GOD; 12 ALL HAVE TURNED ASIDE, TOGETHER THEY HAVE BECOME USELESS; THERE IS NONE WHO DOES GOOD, THERE IS NOT EVEN ONE.” 13 “THEIR THROAT IS AN OPEN GRAVE, WITH THEIR TONGUES THEY KEEP DECEIVING,” “THE POISON OF ASPS IS UNDER THEIR LIPS”; 14 “WHOSE MOUTH IS FULL OF CURSING AND BITTERNESS”; 15 “THEIR FEET ARE SWIFT TO SHED BLOOD, 16 DESTRUCTION AND MISERY ARE IN THEIR PATHS, 17 AND THE PATH OF PEACE THEY HAVE NOT KNOWN.” 18 “THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIR EYES.” 19 Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20 because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin. 21 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. 27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28 For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one. 31 Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.” [Rom 3:1-31 NASB] What does that chapter do to your universalistic, or possibly Calvinistic, “antinomianism”, you doubters of God’s Holy word! God says none are righteous, NO NOT ONE!
Sorry about that, I guess. You can see that I get somewhat demonstrative about the “right-dividing” of the Word. So be it. I have had “enough of ” mealy-mouthed, judge not” Christians (so called) that undermine and explain away the true meaning of the Bible.
So, on to next verse. I am trying to show you Scriptures that have an effect on the commonly accepted Christian doctrines of the faith, the gospel of God and Jesus Christ. If you do not think doctrinal purity and orthodoxy are important, I believe you would not have read this article, or at the least. you would have “booked” earlier in my teaching.
Next up is Romans 8:1 that says in the King James this, “1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” [Rom 8:1 KJV] All modern Bibles, from the critical text (mGNT), leave out the last half of this verse, saying it is not in “the best manuscripts”. I guess if you think that the “best” manuscripts are a “few” that were found much later than the (much more doctrinally sound) ones used for the Textus Receptus, and were inspired by the teaching and doctrinality of Origen, then you could think you are “right”! To your own self- deception! This verse is a “perfect” example of why Bible verses and passages of Scripture should NEVER be taken out of the context of the meaning of the whole story (interpretation)!!
Let me lay down some background for a sec, please. The Bible was not written in chapters containing verses.
The chapter divisions commonly used today were developed by Stephen Langton, an Archbishop of Canterbury. Langton put the modern chapter divisions into place in around A.D. 1227. The Wycliffe English Bible of 1382 was the first Bible to use this chapter pattern. Since the Wycliffe Bible, nearly all Bible translations have followed Langton’s chapter divisions.
The Hebrew Old Testament was divided into verses by a Jewish rabbi by the name of Nathan in A.D. 1448. Robert Estienne, who was also known as Stephanus, was the first to divide the New Testament into standard numbered verses, in 1555. Stephanus essentially used Nathan’s verse divisions for the Old Testament. Since that time, beginning with the Geneva Bible, the chapter and verse divisions employed by Stephanus have been accepted into nearly all the Bible versions.
The italicized text above is copied from gotquestions.org, a website that answers Bible questions. What I am trying to “get at” here is this little- known fact of Bible study and understanding, and something I have never heard explained from a pulpit; that fact being the following truth. The truth of the teaching of Romans 8 should NEVER be separated from what Paul teaches in chapter 7 (really, the whole book of Romans). To properly understand Romans 8 you need to study the “nature” of sinfulness in Christians, and the struggle that it is to “overcome” our fleshly natures, our built-in Adam/Eve inherited propensities; to do what is against the law of God, even though our minds know that we should not “obey” these desires. By knowing the truth of chapter 7 -the Law is Spiritual, I am carnal- we can be “on our toes” to the vile nature of our “old man” and be made alive as a new creation in Christ, thereby putting sin on the “back burner, on simmer” and realizing the true freedom of obeying Jesus Christ and His commandments. We absolutely MUST understand ourselves, and “with intent” NEVER let any “grace-abusing (antinomian) preacher or teacher (or worship leader) lead us into a life pattern where we “excuse” our own lustful desires, thereby settling for way less than God intended for His children!
” , those who walk NOT after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” The message of chapters 7 and 8 of Romans is about how we defeat the “old nature” and live “victoriously” in Christ. We do this by “walking after the Spirit, not after the flesh”. Our Christian walk is the “bent” of our lifestyle, how we really are “in the world”. We cannot “mock” God and hide our sinfulness from our Creator. He knows us inside and out, and in between, too. He does not let us get away with “iniquity” (religious sin), and then have true victory in our lives. Spiritual freedom comes with a cost, my friends, that being the agony of the cross that Jesus Christ endured for you and me to take away the penalty of unrighteous sin and give us victory in Him, It is not to let us live “gracefully” and deny Him before the “world”. The “world” (and God) are watching, and we as Christians should never let ourselves get lackadaisical about our Christian walk. If we have “no condemnation” no matter what we do, we are not listening to the truth of Scripture. We are feeding our “flesh” and our walk is hypocritical to the “world”, and abhorrent to God. He will spit up religious people who think they “have it made” (Rev. 3)!!
We are still on our journey to eternal life, and we have NOT arrived yet. Only when we physically die, or the rapture occurs, will we be finished with our Christian walk, reader friends. Then comes judgment, It is finished. All will be judged according to what we have said and “done”. No more excusing of self and “fooling OURSELVES”. It will be accounting time to God. All the hypocrisy and veneers of self- righteousness will fall away and the thoughts and intent of our “hearts”(Heb. 4:12,13) will be “laid bare before God at one of the judgments. You will not be allowed to say something like these statements, ” Lord, I followed the teaching of Baptists” or, “I am a Calvinist and I am elect” or, “the Unitarian Universalist speaker told me that everybody will be redeemed at the end”, or some other heretical nonsense. No, you will answer for your own beliefs and behavior. Period!
I have a teacher who I truly respect in Sunday School at the church I attend. He expounds the Word of God with boldness, and is almost fearless in standing up for the Bible and what the Scripture means. I appreciate him , and get a lot out of his teaching, and I am encouraged by his “fire”. I really, really am. Yet, we do not see “eye to eye” on everything, but such is the case with two “humans” who are sincerely trying to rightly divide the Word of Truth. Gary is on “staff” at this church, and he has many more things to think about than I do. I am able to write my opinion on this blog and be “done with it”. I generally do not go hunting debate, controversy, and arguments. I can get defensive when anyone gets dogmatically invested in their “opinion”, and takes out after me personally. That is a human characteristic of mine (most other humans also). This blog is my personal way to serve Jesus and the body of Christ, the Church. It is also a good place for me to “vent” my frustrations about nominal Christianity (?), and try to rebuke slothfulness, and encourage those who are “fighting the good fight and defending the faith that was ONCE delivered to the saints”. Gary, myself and many other fundamental teachers of the Bible are all in this together, I believe.
Back to Romans 8. What has happened, in reality and practice, is this. Church folks have been spoon-fed a diet of heretical teaching concerning the dogma of the “eternal security of the believer” , which is a true doctrine if “rightly” taught and contrasted with the Christian’s responsibility to keep believing in Jesus as the only WAY, the only TRUTH, the only LIFE back to the father. Jesus does not say that you can DENY HIM and make it to heaven. He says that He will DENY us, if we DENY Him! Has Jesus ever lied or reneged on His Word. I will not bet my life on some ear-ticking heretic’s take on “eternal security”!! The resulting “antinomianism” has been infecting Christendom (professing Christianity) for hundreds of years. That is a fact! If a lie is told long enough and hard enough it will eventually be accepted as fact. In “fact”, it is still a lie! That is the truth, as I see it. I do not want this to become another rant about “easy believism” Laodicean behavior. I have said plenty about that “grace abuse” in other articles and in my audio on youtube.com. titled “What Grace Is and What It Is Not”.
It is easy for me to “go off’ when I try to explain about Romans 8! Sorry again, I guess? Let us talk about antinomianism some more; okay? Maybe not, huh? I will anyhow. I really believe most would say that I am beating a “dead horse”. So be it. Antinomianism is defined as “anti” (against) nomos (the law). Here is the take of Merriam Webster on this term,
1:one who holds that under the gospel dispensation of grace (see 1grace 1a) the moral law is of no use or obligation because faith alone is necessary to salvation
2:one who rejects a socially established morality
play \-mē-ə-ˌni-zəm\ noun
I would add this addendum: one who rejects a Biblically established morality concerning Christian behavior and thought! Grace. free grace, and unending grace is the anthem of most of today’s Church music and most pulpiteering. Not many preach the “whole counsel” of God. these days. Large church buildings, with country club atmospheres, and “gross” salaries are the norm. Folks will leave their country club and join another if their sin and slothfulness are “exposed” by the bold preaching of the Word of God, anointedly, with fiery passion and fearlessness. That ain’t gonna happen much today! So, antinomianism is the “rage”. It is a sad situation, indeed. These “excusers’ of God’s Word will be surprised when they are told to “depart, I do not know you” by God. (Matt. 7:21). How tragic that will be, when those who thought they “had it made” are faced with this eternal reality. Sad and tragic, indeed. Some Old Testament Scripture is in my mind continually when I exhort and rebuke, time and again, those who would apostasy and make “light” their own sinful disobedience, and teach others to do the same!
Ezekiel 3 comes to mind to me. “17 Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me. 18 When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life; the same wicked [man] shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand. 19 Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul. 20 Again, When a righteous [man] doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thine hand. 21 Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous [man], that the righteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy soul.” [Eze 3:17-21 KJV]
The “lawless” spin these pretenders espouse scares me, and constrains me to write boldly to contradict the “grace abuse” of modern religion.
I am going to wrap up on this concerning Romans 8:1. That being this, succinctly; Romans 8 should not ever be excised of the last half of verse one because of the “grace abuse” that usually follows. That verse and the entire chapter of Romans 8 should be a continuation of what Paul has taught in Romans chapter 7. I truly hope and pray that you understand me on this topic!
I will stop and publish what I have written so far as “part one” of a series of posts about the differences in various Bibles. Thanks for reading this far, friends! Be encouraged and of good cheer, ya’ll!
“20 Now the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great Shepherd of the sheep through the blood of the eternal covenant, even Jesus our Lord, 21 equip you in every good thing to do His will, working in us that which is pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.” [Heb 13:20-21 NASB].
Those two verses gave me the name that I gave my teaching ministry about 5 years ago; Everlasting Covenant Gospel Missions (ECGM). I love the message of those verses!
Blessings to the blessable,